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{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\fswiss\cpg0\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f2\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f3\fswiss\cpg1252\fcharset0 Arial;}{\f4\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f5\fswiss\cpg1251\fcharset204 Arial;}{\f6\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f7\fswiss\cpg1250\fcharset238 Arial;}{\f8\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f9\fswiss\cpg1257\fcharset186 Arial;}{\f10\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f11\fswiss\cpg1254\fcharset162 Arial;}{\f12\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f13\fswiss\cpg1253\fcharset161 Arial;}{\f14\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}{\f15\fswiss\cpg1255\fcharset177 Arial;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f2\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl2849\margr3739\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn2849\margrsxn3739\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li32\fi0\ri0\sb0\sa0\tx1627 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-17\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 332{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw4 NEPAL : AHSUVARMAN}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qr\li0\fi0\ri0\sb230\sa0\sl-241\slmult0\tx2102 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 between Asoka and Samudragupta is very scanty.   The\line \i\expndtw5 Vamsdvalis \i0 or the local chronicles testify to the rule of\line \expndtw2 the Abhiras, Kiratas, Somavamsis, and the Suryavamsis\line \expndtw6 but their chronology is altogether unreliable.    We are\line \expndtw4 on firmer ground when we come to\line \expndtw-24 AmSuvarman{\charscalex100\expndtw0\tab }\expndtw8 the close of the sixth and the first}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li25\fi2074\ri22\sb0\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 four decades of the seventh century \expndtw-1 A.D.\loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'97\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 the period of the Thakuri Amsuvarman,,\super 1\nosupersub  who has \expndtw1 been identified with Ang-shu-fa-na of Yuan Chwang's \i\expndtw5 Records. \i0 He was the minister of the Licchavi king, \expndtw11 Sivadeva, but after some time the former himself \expndtw0 became the real master of the valley, as all power was \expndtw6 concentrated in his hands. He ruled for at least forty-\expndtw4 five years, and originated an era, which is generally \expndtw11 believed to have begun in 595 A.D.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li22\fi475\ri54\sb0\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw9\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 Some scholars are of opinion that Nepal came \expndtw1 under the suzerainty of Harsavardhana, but a critical examination of the available evidence does not confirm \expndtw12 this view.\super 2\nosupersub  On the other hand, at this time Tibet \expndtw1 wielded supreme influence over Nepal, whose king \expndtw2 Amsuvarman married his daughter to the mighty \expndtw5 Srong-btsan-Gampo \i (c. \i0 629-50 A.D.).}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li18\fi468\ri58\sb0\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw3\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 The history of Nepal is obscure for the next two \expndtw5 centuries, except that there was probably a restoration \expndtw4 of the Licchavi rulo and the country continued to \expndtw8 acknowledge the supremacy of Tibet. In 879-80 A.D. \expndtw6 a new era was started, perhaps to mark its liberation \expndtw3 from foreign yoke. Darkness again descends upon the affairs of Nepal for another century and a quarter, but \expndtw10 from, the commencement of the nth century the \expndtw12 colophons of a large number of manuscripts pre\-\expndtw3 served in the Durbar library and elsewhere yield us the}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li0\fi0\ri0\sb284\sa0\sl-220\slmult0 \f2\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-1\f2\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 1\nosupersub The   \i VamSavalis,   \i0 however,   "antedate"   AriiSuvarman by \expndtw4 about seven centuries \i (Ind. Ant.., \i0 XIII, p. 413). \super\expndtw-6 2\nosupersub  See \i History of Kanauj, \i0 pp. 92-99.   cf. sppr .q \expndtw3 r: \loch\af0\hich\af0\dbch\f2\cchs0 \'a3\hich\af0\dbch\af2\loch\f0\cchs0 R: \i (He., \i0 Cal. cd., pp. 210-11).}\par }